HPV Key Facts
HPV & Cancer
HPV & Throat Cancer
HPV & Cervical Cancer
HPV & Other Cancers
HPV & Relationships
While HPV is an extremely common infection, and there is a link between HPV and cervical, anal, penile, some vulval and throat cancers, it is important to know that very few women and men with HPV will ever develop cancer.
It is also unlikely that HPV infection alone is sufficient to cause cancer. The HPV infection is only one event in a multistep pathway to cancer. While many possible co-factors have been suggested, the relative risks of each have yet to be determined. However, some of the most commonly implicated co-factors include smoking, and a weakened immune system.
Unlike for cervical cancer, there is no current effective screening test for HPV-related cancers affecting the throat, penile or anal regions.